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and the settlement refounded by the Qin general Zhang Yi.(A Chinese legend explains the town's nickname "Turtle City" by claiming Zhang planned the course of his city walls by following a turtle's tracks.) Although he had argued against the invasion, the settlement thrived and the additional resources from Sichuan helped enable the First Emperor of Qin to unify the Warring States which had succeeded the Zhou.After the fall of Nanjing to the Japanese in 1937, Chengdu briefly served as the capital of China.It is now one of the most important economic, financial, commercial, cultural, transportation, and communication centers in Western China.Following the Columbian Exchange, the Chengdu Plain became one of China's principal sources of tobacco.Pi County was considered to have the highest quality in Sichuan, which was the center of the country's cigar and cigarette production, the rest of the country long continuing to consume snuff instead.Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport that hub of Air China and Sichuan Airlines is one of the 30 busiest airports in the world, and Chengdu Railway Station is one of the six biggest in China.
It is one of the three most populous cities in Western China (the other two are Chongqing and Xi'an).
Its King Mengchang beautified the city by ordering hibiscus to be planted upon the city walls.
The Song conquered the city in 965 and used it for the introduction of the first widely used paper money in the world.
Founded by the state of Shu prior to its incorporation into China, Chengdu is unique as a major Chinese settlement that has maintained its name (nearly) unchanged throughout the imperial, republican, and communist eras.
It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages.
, jinguan) was established to oversee its quality and supply.